WebsiteBannerGlasses June2020

 

April 1-30, 2015

For GAM2015, we will be running a series of Observing Challenges. Whether you are a complete newbie to astronomy or a seasoned veteran there will be something for you! Some of the challenges can be done in a night and some will take the whole month. 

If you are a sidewalk astronomer or part of an astronomy club you might like to run events to help people complete the challenges. If are planning an Observing Challenge event, don't forget to register your event!

Discovering the Solar System
Projects for keen-eyed and camera toting observers.

Developed by John Goss of the Astronomical League

This challenge is all about observing our Solar System without any fancy equipment. We hope that be completing this challenge you will develop a new found appreciation for our sky and for naked-eye astronomy!

Share your progress on this challenge with us and the world on Facebook, the Flickr group, or Tweet using #GAM2015 hashtag (@gam_awb).

1. Solar Camera Obscura

Examine the sun by making a pin-hole camera. Punch a hole at one end of a shoe box with a small nail. Place a piece of white paper inside of the box at its other end. Face away from the sun, turn the box over, and hold it with the hole toward the sun. Look at the sun's small image projected on the paper.

If there are large sunspots, they should be discernible as small, darkened blots on the solar disk projected on the paper. (If possible, stand in a darkened room with the box held in sunlight. This should give better contrast.) Repeat this for a few days, and the sunspots will be seen to move across the solar disk, allowing an estimation of the sun’s rotational period.

Also note the uniformity of the sun’s brightness across its disk. The phenomenon of “limb darkening” should be observed.

 

2. Observe Mercury climb in the evening sky and change in brightness

Late April present a great time to spot little Mercury in the evening sky forty to forty-five minutes after sunset. Look for a star like object about the same distance above the western horizon as the width of your a clinched fist on your fully extend arm.

Initially, each evening Mercury climbs slightly higher. It appears to change brightness as it rises above the brightest portion of the twilight. It is also moving closer to Earth. Mercury initially sports a gibbous phase, reflecting a relatively large amount of sunlight off its cratered surface.

As it comes closer, its phase grows thinner, eventually becoming a crescent. In this portion of its orbit, it appears to move lower in the twilight toward the sun, exhibiting a slimming phase, and reflecting less light. It also moves lower, making it more difficult to spot.

Draw the horizon and plot Mercury each evening at the same time beginning April 23. Also plot where the sun is below the horizon.Begin viewing on April 23.

 

3. Finding Venus in the daytime sky 

The third brightest object in the heavens is the cloud covered world Venus. It is so bright that it can be seen in the daytime, if one knows precisely where to look.

About 30 minutes after sunset, look towards the west for Venus shining in the twilight. Position yourself so that it is just blocked behind a building. The next day about 30 minutes before sunset, stand in that same spot (this time with the sun blocked behind the building), fully your extend arm and make a fist. Then, raise your fist so that its bottom side bumps into where Venus was the evening before. Look carefully in the sky on the top side (the eastern side) of your fist. Venus will be seen in the immediate area as a washed out “star.” Binoculars should easily spot it for confirmation.

 

4. Venus appears to move among the stars 

As Venus swings away from the sun, it moves slightly higher each evening, passing two notable star clusters, first the Pleiades, then the Hyades. As the month begins, the Pleiades star cluster lies above Venus. The planet passes to the cluster’s left (east) from April 1 through April 10. At this time, the Hyades star cluster is to the brilliant planet’s right. Venus continues its motion, leaving the Hyades behind, climbing above. Plot Venus’ sky position with respect to the Pleiades and Hyades clusters. 

 

5. Viewing the solar system’s largest moon without optical aid

If the sky is dark and very clear, and if the observer has keen eyesight, the solar system’s largest moon, Jupiter’s Ganymede, can be spotted with the unaided eye.

The brightness of Ganymede is approximately the same as one of the dimmer stars of the Little Dipper. If it weren’t for the overpowering glare from bright Jupiter, Ganymede could be seen in a dark sky. Position yourself so that Jupiter is barely blocked by a dark building, hiding the glaring planet. On the nights listed, with Jupiter blocked on the west side of the building, Ganymede will be glimpsed twinkling just west of the planet, about the same distance equalling 1/6 of the moon’s diameter:

April 1
April 8
April 16
April 23

and blocking Jupiter on the east side of the building, Ganymede will be east of the planet on these nights: 

April 5
April 12
April 19

The April 23 sighting will likely be the easiest to spot. Jupiter’s outermost large moon, Callisto, appears very close to Ganymede, adding its light to Ganymede’s.

 

 

 

Member Reports

View All
Jul 07

The biggest Astro adventure of the Year will started

The Glitter Festival 2020 Astronomy festival of the State of Goias has started with a Skyrunners theme. This year we...

Read More...
Jul 05

Annular Solar Eclipse of June 21, 2020 at the MMAO Summary

As the Ailangs school is not yet in session, and the boarding students not yet returned to campus due to...

Read More...
Jul 04

Solar Eclipse 2020 real photograph of 98% coverage on 21st June from Kurukshetra, India

Greetings from Team SciComm! It is our immense pleasure to share with you the live experience as well as the...

Read More...
Jul 03

QUARANTINE ASTRONOMY - JULY 2020 - BOLIVIA

Hello Astronomers! For sure this period of quarantine was challenging for everyone. Furthermore a positive mind is more than important!...

Read More...
Jun 24

Solar Observation

Our nearest star,the Sun is a huge globe of hot gas.This charged gas moves and generates powerful magnetic field.The sun's...

Read More...
Jun 23

Using YouTube to maintain outreach activities during Covid-19

I Normally I would be busy with me Mobile Planetarium, but since March I have had no work at all....

Read More...
Jun 23

Annular Solar eclipse of June 21,2020

A solar eclipse occurs when the moon moves between the Sun and the Earth.There are three types of solar eclipses...

Read More...
Jun 20

African Astronomical Society Eclipse Resources

The African Astronomical Society is coordinating a pan-African public campaign for the 21 June solar eclipse in collaboration with outreach...

Read More...
Jun 19

Occultation of Venus by the Moon

4YINFO - today's Occultation of Venus by the Moon - attached my friend's picture (Herbert Raab - Kepler Observatory Linz...

Read More...

Current Projects & Events

Social Media Updates